Thursday, August 27, 2009

Limits

Our second week of school is almost over, and about now is the time that new children start to show their true colors. After the initial shyness and insecurity about the change of environment, they are starting to feel more confident and are increasingly exploring the boundaries of their new space. As the group awakens, it's also time for me to evaluate my environment limits. After changing the environment dramatically during the summer, I really wasn't sure how the children would respond to it until they were actually there, testing it!

To help regulate chaos, when problems arise in the classroom or outdoors, I'm trying to focus first on the physical environment:

- How can I change the environment so that it enforces a limit I want to set?

For example, we have a really nice tree with low overhanging branches. The children love to sit in it and climb. But some climb a little too high where I feel they could be in danger. I painted stripes on the branches to show how high it's ok to climb. I told the children, you may climb but just up to the lines. If the closet door keeps being opened and materials are being investigated, then either I can take out some of those materials that keep those curious hands opening the doors, or I can put a little lock on the door (we had to do that with the teacher's bathroom and the closet).


- When the limit has been set and reinforced with the environment but is still broken by some children, I have to decide how I can make the limit more clear, or talk with the children about why they think the limit is disrespected. Is it a necessary limit? Is there a way to translate it into children's needs and find another way of fulfilling it?

For example, children still run out of the sandbox without putting their shoes back on. I observed and noticed it was mostly the youngest three year olds. Perhaps they forget? Or perhaps they have trouble putting their shoes on by themselves, so they "forget" to. So I talked to them once more about why we have that limit (your feet are not protected in the garden without shoes on), and reminded them that they can ask for help with shoes if they need it.


- What to do when a limit is set but only one child continuously ignores it? In this case, I guess I have to consider the natural consequences or logical consequences if the natural ones are too vague or dangerous.

For example, we have a little low fence that separates the outdoor environment from the back of the school. The fence marks the boundary of where the children may play because anything beyond it is beyond an adult's line of vision. A little boy loves to run and jump over it. Hm. I don't want natural consequences to teach him anything in this case... So then I have to impose the logical consequence, "If you cannot play safely outside, then you can't be outside or you can't play."


Limits we've had trouble with: (of course, it's only the beginning of the year...)

- Only one person works with a material at a time
- Materials have to be put back before you take something else out (with the youngest three year old's)
- Only materials you've had lessons with can be chosen (again, with the tiny ones)
- The materials must be worked with gently


And for these types of issues, I'm trying Grace and Courtesy lessons as the main approach. I have found that sometimes having pictures of what I want them to be doing (ex. a photo of a child observing properly) and placing them somewhere where they can see and discuss them freely (like in the library, or next to the snack table) also helps.

7 comments:

Annicles said...

I am happy you are doing this 2 weeks in advance of me! Nothing like being forwarned!

Anonymous said...

I love that you share some of the difficulties of setting up a Montessori school. My son's Montessori teacher (who had been teaching for 20 years) often gave the impression that once the children entered the Montessori environment their behaviour became magically perfect, and that the children, being well trained in practical life, looked after the environment by themselves. Perhaps after 20 years she had created a perfect Montessori environment, but as a parent it would have been helpful to realise how much tweaking is really required.

Kirstie

Anonymous said...

I have had 8 children that came from another Montessori in town. It is like these children have never spent any time at all in a Montessori environment. They have no montessori vocabulary at all. They yell and run in the classroom. They have no repect for the environment. They are by far the worst group of children that I have ever had in all my years of teaching.

Gypsy said...

I will be really interested to see how you approach this, especially the issues around 'work management' like one material at a time, materials back, materials on the mat. If it would be appropriate, I would really enjoy reading a 'case study' perhaps of one child who really struggled with thi, and how you managed it. With Munchkin starting at Monti probably when she is 3 1/4 ... (so in about six months or so) I am wondering about introducting a work mat and putting some structures around her more Montessori activities - so things like her puzzles and pegboards etc - so that its not such a suprise when she starts pre-school. Any thoughts? Gosh, what a long comment!!!

Koko's mama said...

This is helpful to me even though I am homeschooling...

smith said...

I really appreciated this post. It seems applicable when homeschooling more than one child or when a younger sibling is constantly getting into another's space.

I really love the pictures ideas to complement grace and courtesy.

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